May 092021

This article was  first published on Climate Analytics website on 05 Feb 2021, and co-authored with Sneha Pandey and Abhishek Yadav.

Last year, a number of low-income, climate vulnerable countries stepped up their Paris Agreement commitments, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These nations recognise that leapfrogging to climate-friendly development models would not only help save the planet and reduce risks posed by global warming, but that it also presents unique opportunities for social and economic progress. However, unlocking the full mitigation potential of these ambitious developing countries hinges on wealthy nations delivering on their climate finance promises.

Nepal is a country whose fragile topography, climate sensitive socio-economic structure and limited adaptive capacity makes it among those most at risk from rising temperatures. Taking this vulnerability into account, as well as its aspiration to transition to a middle-income country within this decade, Nepal’s revised 2020 NDC plans for a climate-resilient, prosperous society that will also reach net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050.

On the eve of the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Ambition Summit, organised to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement, Nepal submitted its 2020 NDC to the UNFCCC Secretariat. In his speech at the Thimphu Ambition Summit a day later Nepal’s Environment Minister’s urged all nations to follow suit and work together to limit warming to 1.5°C. Continue reading »

 Posted by on May 9, 2021 at 9:13 am
Dec 202020

This article was first published at NDC Partnership website on 17 Dec 2020, and co-authored with Abhishek Yadav and Sneha Pandey.

This month, Nepal joined an exemplary group of nations in submitting its second national climate plan on the eve of the Paris Agreement’s fifth anniversary. Nepal’s improved and high quality NDC is estimated to cost USD28.4 billion, or over 90 percent of GDP.  The updated commitments draw on lessons captured while implementing its ambitious first pledge in 2016 to reaffirm its commitment to the Paris Agreement.

The 2020 NDC features legal, institutional, and financial frameworks, reliable cost estimates, and likely financial and economic implications. The Himalayan nation’s high-quality climate plan is data-driven with high emphasis on sound data collection and reporting methodologies.

NDC Partnership members were among the first to support Nepal’s 2020 NDC enhancement on both mitigation and adaptation targets. Through the Partnership’s Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), Climate Analytics led sectoral assessments of electric transport, electric cooking, forestry, modelling, and cost-benefit analysis of targets. Nepal also provides a variety of Information for Clarity, Transparency, and Understanding (ICTU) of mitigation components. This includes quantifiable information on the reference points, timeframes, periods of implementation, scope and coverage, planning processes, assumptions, and methodological approaches.

Continue reading »

 Posted by on December 20, 2020 at 12:54 pm
Oct 142020

This article was  first published on Climate Analytics website on 19 May 2020.

The coronavirus pandemic adds yet another shock to the multiple challenges that more than a billion people living in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) already face in day-to-day life. It is much more than a health crisis. It has the potential to create devastating health, social, economic and environmental crises that will leave a deep, long-lasting mark. However, it is an opportunity to adopt and implement sustainable solutions during the recovery process, also for LDCs, without losing sight of the climate crisis.

Solar panels on a farm in Rwanda. ©Water for Food, CC BY-NC 2.0

More in the series of blogs on coronavirus pandemic impacts on climate-vulnerable countries:

Facing Covid and climate Pacific island capacity stretched by Paddy Pringle
Coronavirus underscores small islands climate vulnerability by Adelle Thomas

A worsening situation

The coronavirus crisis has affected work, business travel and lifestyles around the world and has exacted an unprecedented human toll as underprepared health systems struggle to cope and workers in lockdown lose their livelihoods. However, the insufficient infrastructure and fragile health systems make the situation in LDCs even more difficult.

According to the World Health Organization, maternal mortality rates in LDCs remain around double that of the global average. An estimated 47% of deaths in LDCs overall are caused by communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions, compared to 22% globally. In terms of emergency preparedness, the WHO confirms that 44 LDCs experienced a health emergency or outbreak between January 2015 and October 2016.  These were due to natural disasters in 26 countries, conflict or humanitarian crises in 16 countries and disease outbreaks or epidemics in 40 countries.

Health systems in LDCs are currently unable to cope with the rapid increase in new cases of COVID, and these countries lack the resources to cope with the socio-economic consequences of lockdown, the only practical solution until a vaccine is available.<

As the coronavirus pandemic has hit major sources of revenue, many LDCs – already economically weak – are struggling to balance their books and to allot resources to fight the health crisis on top of other challenges.

COVID-19 adds on to climate change impacts

For many LDCs, COVID-19 and climate change have conspired to make their situation even more difficult. Even during the pandemic, climate change continues to threaten the health and safety of people in the LDCs. Continue reading »

 Posted by on October 14, 2020 at 11:18 am
May 062019

Transcript of the Radio interview at Thaha Sanchar Network, discussing possible impact of climate change on weather pattern with Rabindra Subedi. 

This interview was published at

बैशाख १९, २०७६ यो पटक अघिल्ला वर्षहरूमा भन्दा धेरै मौसममा फेरबदल देखिएको छ। हिउँदमा धेरै वर्षा भयो भने प्री-मनसुन पनि बढी नै वर्षा भइरहेको छ। अघिल्ला वर्ष खडेरी र सुक्‍खा लाग्ने समयमा यो पटक वर्षा भइरहेको छ। काठमाडौंसहित देशका धेरै भूभागमा वर्षा भइरहेको छ। यस वर्ष तराईका जिल्लाहरूमा ‘टोर्नाडो’समेत देखियो। यो केको असर हो? मौसममा किन एकाएक बदली देखियो? थाहा सञ्‍चार नेटवर्कका लागि रवीन्द्र सुवेदीले जलवायु परिवर्तनका जानकार मञ्जित ढकालसँग गरेको कुराकानी :

यो पटकको मौसम अघिल्ला वर्षहरूभन्दा भिन्‍न देखियो, यसको कारण के हो?

‘मौसम’ भनेको छोटो समयमा हुने मौसमी फेरबदल हो। लामो समयको मौसमी फेरबदललाई जलवायु परिवर्तनको असरका रूपमा बुझिन्छ। पृथ्वीको कुनै भूभागको कम्तीमा ३० वर्षको मौसमी विश्लेषणलाई ‘जलवायु परिवर्तन’ भन्‍ने बुझ्नुपर्दछ। अहिले अवस्था कस्तो रह्‍यो भने पृथ्वीको औसत तापक्रम झण्डै १ डिग्रीले बढेको छ। कुनै ठाउँमा तापक्रम अझै धेरै बढिसकेको छ। पृथ्वीको तापक्रम बढ्दा हामीले यसअघि भोग्नुनपरेका नयाँनयाँ असर भोग्नुपरिरहेको छ। Continue reading »

 Posted by on May 6, 2019 at 12:18 pm
May 012019

This article is co-authored with Tenzin Wangmo, LDC Lead Negotiator from Bhutan, and was  first published on LDC Group official website on 12 April 2019.

Rules alone will not get us anywhere; we need urgent and more ambitious climate action

2019 will be a critical year for carrying forward the momentum on climate action generated last year through COP24, the Talanoa Dialogue and the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C(1.5°C Special Report). Although COP24 delivered on most of the core elements of the Paris rulebook, the rulebook is just one element for achieving the Paris Agreement’s 1.5oC long-term temperature goal and other long-term goals. Without urgent and more ambitious action, even robust rules will not get us anywhere. Therefore, it is important that countries around the world embrace 2019 as a year of ambition and action, taking us towards climate resilient and 1.5°C pathways consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Katowice package for implementing the Paris Agreement

The chief task of COP24 was to agree on the guidelines for implementing and accounting for climate action and support within the framework of the Paris Agreement. The package of rules adopted in Katowice – the result of three years of development and negotiations culminating at COP24 – received a mixed response. Some commentators expressed doubt as to whether the outcome would lead to a scaling-up of climate action, and finance needed for developing countries. However, the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) believe that at its core, the COP24 outcome, despite some deficiencies and unfinished business, was still a landmark success in bringing the Paris Agreement to life. Now it’s time to act. Continue reading »

 Posted by on May 1, 2019 at 4:37 pm
Sep 072018

The 2015 Paris Agreement was negotiated piece by piece, rather than as a whole document. As a result, although several pieces of the Agreement are closely related and even overlap, not all the linkages between them are logical or, at least as yet, coherent. Identifying and addressing the links between these different complex elements is essential for the overall coherence and effectiveness of the Paris outcome. This paper identifies links and gaps between the major elements of the Agreement.

Document Link:
 Posted by on September 7, 2018 at 11:09 pm
Mar 042018

By Gebru Jember (Chair of the LDC Group) and Manjeet Dhakal

2018 is a crucial year in the climate negotiations. COP23 in Bonn was able to draw the sketch of the Road to Katowice, and now it is important that negotiators get to work to ensure that the journey in the coming months is successfully completed.

In November 2017, the LDC Group with members comprising 47 countries spread across Africa, Asia-Pacific and the Caribbean attended the ‘First Island COP’, held under a Fiji Presidency at the seat of the UNFCCC Secretariat. With the mandate to develop and finalise the rules of the Paris Agreement by the end of 2018, the determination shown by governments in Bonn to make substantive progress on the work remaining was very positive. However, there are many areas of the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), tasked with developing different parts of the rules, which are still seriously lagging behind schedule.

With much work therefore still to be done to finalise the rules by the end of this year, the LDC group will also be reminding other negotiating groups in the lead up to COP24 not to lose sight of the big picture – that all these efforts should ultimately lead to ramping up the next round of emission reduction pledges to put the world on a pathway to limit warming to 1.5°C.  Continue reading »